Menu Close

Study Spanish Grammar Rulers

Learning the Spanish Grammar | Lessons

Grammar 1

  • Spanish Transitional Words and Phrases
    What are some Spanish transitional words and phrases? This lesson covers some Spanish transitional words and phrases. There are enough here that you might want to bookmark the page to refer back yo it several times until you remember most of these. Now, since we have had a few lessons, we continue the page introduction…
  • Spanish Prepositions List
    What is the Spanish prepositions list?   Let’s find out what is the Spanish prepositions list?. En esta lección vamos a estudiar algunas de las preposiciones más comunes del idioma Español. a = to, at, by means of Nosotros vamos a la escuela. (We are going to the school.) Ellos llegaron a las 10:00. (They…
  • Adverbs Of Frequency and Time in Spanish
    What are the adverbs of frequency and time in Spanish?  It’s time to study the adverbs of frequency and time in Spanish. En esta lección de español vamos a estudiar algunos adverbios de tiempo. (In this Spanish lesson we are going to study some adverbs of time.)   Vamos a ver Ahora (Now)   Examples:…
  • Adverbs of Mode in Spanish
    What are some adverbs of mode in Spanish?                       How and when to use the adverbs of mode in Spanish? Hola, ¿cómo están?… En esta lección de español vamos a estudiar algunos adverbios de modo. (In this Spanish lesson we are going to study some…
  • Adverbs of Place in Spanish
    What is the adverb for place in Spanish? How and when to use the adverbs of place in Spanish?. En esta lección de español vamos a estudiar algunos adverbios de lugar. (In this Spanish lesson we are going to study some adverbs of place.)   Vamos a ver: Aquí / Acá (Here, near the person…
  • Gerund and Present Progressive in Spanish
    How to use gerund and Present Progressive in Spanish?  Let’s learn about the gerund and present progressive in Spanish.   El Gerundio en Español (The Gerund and Present Progressive in Spanish) The Gerund (gerundio) is a form of the verb that ends in -ando (for the infinitives ending in ar) or -iendo (for the infinitives…
  • Hay in Spanish
    How to say hay in Spanish?   It’s time to study “How to translate hay in Spanish?”, this is a verb form that expresses the idea of existence. When you use it with singular nouns it means there is, and when it is used with plural nouns it means there are .    Hay (there…
  • Spanish Expressions with Gustaría
    What are some Spanish expressions with gustaría? How to translate Spanish expressions with gustaría?. Buenos días o buenas tardes o buenas noches (good morning or good afternoon or good night). ¿Cómo están ustedes?… (How are you all). Today we are going to study “Gustaría” which means “would like”, a handy expression to know.   Let’s…
  • Useful Spanish Expressions
    What are the most useful Spanish expressions? How to translate useful Spanish expressions?. ¡Hola mis amigos! The verbs deber (should or ought to), necesitar (to need), and the impersonal expressions hay que (one must) and es necesario (it is necessary) are very useful for forming quick expressions when speaking in Spanish. Here are some examples:…
  • Expressing Possession in Spanish
    Expressing Possession in Spanish | How do you show possession in Spanish?   It’s time to study: expressing possession in Spanish. Hola mis estudiantes de Español (Hello my Spanish students)   ¿Listos? (Ready?) The easiest way to express possession in Spanish is by using the verb “tener” (to have) – we know this right?: yo…
  • Demonstrative Adjectives in Spanish
    How many demonstrative adjectives in Spanish?   Let’s talk about the demonstrative adjectives in Spanish. Well, now that we have covered Past, Present and Future Tenses in Spanish we are ready for some easy and fun stuff. My theory always has been that you need first to understand these three basic tenses so you could…
  • Articles, Nouns and Adjectives in Spanish
    Articles, Nouns and Adjectives in Spanish | Lesson Let’s talk about the articles, nouns and adjectives in Spanish. The Articles The definite article: English has only one definite article: “The” In Spanish the definite articles are: el, la, los, las:  el carro (the car)  la casa (the house)  los carros (the cars)  las casas (the…
  • Irregular Verbs in the Present Tense
    Irregular Verbs in the Present Tense | Lesson What are the irregular verbs in the Present tense?. The verbs Ir (to go), Dar (to give) and Estar (to be) are irregular in the present tense. However, the only irregularity is in the first person yo. All other forms are the same forms of a regular…
  • Spanish Expressions and Useful Words
    Which are the most common Spanish expressions and useful words? Let’s talk about some popular Spanish expressions and useful words. (Prior to beginning this lesson, visit our Spanish pronunciation guide to learn basic pronunciation, and be sure to refer back to it as necessary. There is also a link to it from the site map.) The…
  • Spanish Irregular Past Tense
    What is the Spanish Irregular Past Tense? Spanish Irregular verbs in the Preterite or Past tense. The verb DAR (to give) is irregular in the Preterite as it is in the Present tense too (Do you remember?..). It is irregular in the past because despite having an “ar” ending it is conjugated as a verb…
  • Ser VS Estar | Verb To Be in Spanish
    Ser VS Estar | What are the verbs to be in Spanish? Let’s find out the difference between ser vs estar in Spanish.  Los Pronombres Personales  (Subject Pronouns) Singular Yo ………… I Tú ………….You (informal) Usted ……..You (formal) Él ……………He Ella …………She   Note: Tú (you, informal) is used with friends and family. Usted (you,…
  • Spanish Verb Gustar
    What does the Spanish verb Gustar mean in Spanish? Let’s talk about the Spanish verb gustar. ¡Hola mis amigos! (Hello my friends), ¿Cómo están? (How are you).  Today we are going to study verb GUSTAR (to like). GUSTAR is what I call “a peculiar verb” because GUSTAR is usually used with the indirect object pronouns…
  • Spanish Verbs Tener and Ir
    How to form the Spanish verbs tener and ir? This lesson we are going to focus in two very handy Spanish verbs: “tener” and “ir” (both irregulars).   Tener = to have   Tener is to have: Yo tengo un carro (I have a car) Tú tienes dos perros (You have two dogs) Él tiene…
  • Infinitive Form in Spanish
    When do you use the infinitive form in Spanish? Let’s talk about the infinitive form in Spanish. Vamos a empezar. (Let’s get started). The infinitive is the “base form” of the verb, before the verb is conjugated. For example: to speak, to eat, to live are English verbs in the infinitive form; to + verb…
  • Using Some Common Spanish Verbs
    What are some common Spanish verbs?The most common Spanish verbs in Spanish. In this lesson I want to share some easy-to-follow examples of how to use common Spanish verbs. These are verbs I’ve been reviewing with students in my tutoring. They can get you speaking Spanish right away.  Aquí vamos! (Here we go):  1-Verbs that…
  • Personal Pronouns in Spanish
    What are the 12 personal pronouns in Spanish? Study the personal pronouns in Spanish. Learn to apply Spanish grammar rules with online lessons. Learn more about helpful tips on how to improve your language.     Yo(I)(Singular)   Tú(You)(Singular)(Informal)       Usted (You)(Singular)(Formal)   Él (He)(Singular)     Ella(She)(Singular)   Nosotros(We)(Plural)(Masculine)       Nosotras (We)(Plural)(Feminine)  …
  • Prepositional Phrases in Spanish
    What are the 13 prepositional phrases? Study the prepositional phrases in Spanish. Learn to apply Spanish grammar rules with online lessons. Learn more about helpful tips on how to improve your language.   Sobre de/Abajo de(Above/Under)   Lejos de(Far from)       Fuera de (Outside)   Entre (Between)     Encima de(On top of)   Enfrente…
  • Inequality, equality and superlatives
    Inequality, equality and superlatives | Rules Read about inequality, equality and superlatives in Spanish. Learn to apply Spanish grammar rules with online lessons. Learn more about helpful tips on how to improve your language. Note: Inequality is expressed by using one of the following formula: más (menos) + adjective + que más (menos) + adverb…
  • Ir a, Acabar de, Volver a + Infinitive
    Ir a, Acabar de, Volver a | Rules How do you use Acabar de infinitive? Read about how to use ir a, acabar de, volver a in Spanish. Learn to apply Spanish grammar rules with online lessons. Learn more about helpful tips on how to improve your language. Many useful expressions are formed by combining…
  • Irregular Verbs in Spanish: Estar, Ir, Dar
    Irregular Verbs in Spanish Read about how to use the irregular verbs  in Spanish. Learn to apply Spanish grammar rules with online lessons. Learn more about helpful tips on how to improve your language. Note: Notice that “ir” and “dar” follow the same pattern as “estar”; they are irregular in the first person singular (yo).…
  • Stem Changing Verbs Spanish
    What are the types of stem changing verbs? Stem Changing Verbs: OU:E Remember, there are three types of infinitives: -ar, -er, -ir. Infinitives are made up of two parts: the ending and the stem.  hablar – habl (stem) + ar (ending) comer – com (stem) + er (ending) vivir – viv (stem) + ir (ending) With regular verbs, the stem…
  • Al and Del in Spanish – Contractions
    When to use al and del in Spanish? Let’s find out when to use the contractions al and del in Spanish. Note: When “a” or “de” precedes the definite article “el”, the two words combine to form a contraction. a + el = al de + el = del e.g. Vamos al estadio – Vamos…
  • When to use a in Spanish
    A in Spanish Let’s find out when to use a in Spanish. How to use a in Spanish? Note: In Spanish, when the direct object is a person, it is preceded by the preposition “a”. Tip: This word has no English translation.   e.g. Pedro llama a Lucy– Pedro calls Lucy. Rosa va a buscar a Lucy…
  • When do you use tener in Spanish?
    How do you use tener in Spanish? Let’s find out when do you use the verb tener in Spanish. There are many idiomatic expressions that use the verb “tener”.   e.g. “tener ___ años” Incorrect:  (to have _____ years) Correct: (to be _____ years old)   “tener frío” Incorrect:  (to have cold)   Correct:  to be cold   “tener…
  • Possessive Adjective
    What is a possessive adjective in grammar? In this lesson you are going to learn the possessive adjective in Spanish. Possessive adjectives are used to show ownership.   Masculine Forms: Singular Masculine – Plural Masculine Yo (I)-(My): Mi – Mis Tú (You)(Informal)-(Your): Tu – Tus Usted (You)(Formal)-(Your): Su – Sus Él/Ella(He/She)-(His/Her): Su– Sus Nosotros(as)We)-(Our): Nuestro – Nuestros     Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal)-(Your): Vuestro– Vuestros Ustedes(You)(Formal)-(Your): Su – Sus Ellos(as)(They)- (Their): Su– Sus   Feminine Forms: Singular Feminine – Plural…
  • Spanish Negation
    What is a negation in Spanish? In this lesson you are going to learn how to use the Spanish negation. Note: To make a sentence negative, place the word “no” before the verb.   Affirmative–Negative Nosotros hablamos Español (We speak Spanish) – Nosotros no hablamos Español (We don’t speak Spanish) Ella está aquí (She is here) – Ella no está aquí (She is…
  • Difference Between Ser and Estar
    In this lesson you are going to learn the difference between ser and estar in Spanish. Ser and estar can both be translated as “to be” In Spanish, a different verb is used to express “to be” depending on whether the speaker intends to address a condition or an essential quality.   Subject – Estar – Ser (to…
  • Spanish Adjectives
    What are the rules for Spanish adjectives? Most adjectives change form, depending upon whether the word they modify is masculine or feminine. Notice the difference between “the fat boy” and “the fat girl” el chico gordo – the fat boy la chica gorda – the fat girl Note: Adjectives also change form depending upon whether the word…
  • Hay in Spanish Translation
    How do you use hay in Spanish translation? In this lesson you are going to learn how to use hay in Spanish translation. The verb form “hay” has two meanings: hay (for singular) – there is hay (for plural) – there are How to translate hay in Spanish? e.g. Hay muchos papeles en el escritorio. –…
  • Definite Article in Spanish
    What is an example of a definite article in Spanish? Note: Feminine singular nouns that begin with an emphasized “a” or “ha” use the masculine form of the article. e.g. el aire – the air el hacha – the ax el avestruz – the ostrich el águila – the eagle el accidente- the accident el agua – the water Note: This…
  • Definite and Indefinite Articles
    What are the definite and indefinite articles in Spanish? Definite and Indefinite Articles (Artículos Definido e Indefinido) The difference between definite articles and indefinite articles can be observed in the following two sentences: Dame la galleta – Give me the cookie. Dame una galleta – Give me a cookie, please. The difference between the definite…
  • Spanish Compound Nouns
    Does Spanish have compound words? Compound Nouns  English Abrelatas Can opener Aguardiente Schnapps Altoparlante Loudspeaker Anteojos Glasses Autoempleo Self-employment Autoestéreo Car stereo Casaquinta Fifth House Cascanueces Nutcracker Caza recompensas Bounty hunter Ciempiés Centipede Corta vidrios Cut glass Cortafuegos Firewall Cuentagotas Dropper Estereofónico Stereophonic Guardaespaldas Bodyguard Guardafangos Fenders Guardameta Goalkeeper Limpiavidrios Window cleaner Matafuego Fire extinguisher…
  • Singular and Plural Nouns
    How do you explain Ssingular and Plural in Spanish? Note: If a noun ends in a vowel, make it plural by adding “-s”. Singular – Plural libro (pencil) – libros pluma (pen) -plumas chico (boy) – chicos seُñora (Mrs)– señoras   Note: The definite articles “el”, “la” also change in the plural form. They become “los” and “las”. Singular–Plural el…
  • Numbers and Nouns
    How to use numbers and nouns in Spanish? Note: The number “one” changes from “uno” to “un” before a masculine noun. un libro – one book – uno libro un perro – one dog (male) – uno perro un lobo – one wolf (male)- uno lobo   Note: The number “one” changes from “uno” to…
  • Gender in Spanish
    Does Spanish language have gender?   A noun is a part of speech that denotes a person, animal, place, thing, or idea. In Spanish, all nouns are either masculine or feminine. Masculino (Masculine) – Femenino (Feminine) el chico (the boy) – la revista (the magazine) el calor (the heat) – la casa (the house) el libro (the book) – la abuela (the grandmother) el abuelo (the grandfather) – la chica…

Grammar 2

  • When to Use Reflexive Verbs in Spanish
    When to Use Reflexive Verbs in Spanish? Let’s learn how and when to use reflexive verbs in the Spanish language. Using Me, Te, Se, Nos, Os in Spanish Note: A reflexive verb in Spanish is when the subject and the object are the same. I clean myself. subject: I verb: clean object: myself Since the…
  • Possessive Pronouns in Spanish
    What is the difference between SUYO and tuyo? The possessive pronouns are similar to the possessive adjectives, but they are normally used with a definite article. –       Singular Feminine – Plural Feminine mine– la mía– las mías yours (informal)– la tuya– las tuyas his/hers– la suya– las suyas yours (formal)– la suya– las suyas ours– la nuestra– las nuestras yours (informal)– la vuestra– las vuestras…
  • Demonstratives Adjectives
    What is a demonstrative adjective in Spanish? In this lesson, we will discuss demonstratives of two types: demonstrative adjectives and demonstrative pronouns. Adjective: describes a noun Pronoun: takes the place of a noun   The same is true in Spanish. Ella escribe  este libro.- She writes this book. (adjective) Ella escribe este –  She writes this. (pronoun) Eso es mío…
  • Irregular Comparatives
    How to use the irregular comparatives in Spanish? The following adjectives have irregular forms for the comparative and the superlative: Adjective: bueno (good) Comparative: mejor (better) Superlative: el/la mejor (the best) Adjective: malo (bad) Comparative: peor (worse) Superlative: el/la peor (the worst) Adjective: grande (big) Comparative: mayor (older; greater) Superlative: el/la mayor (the oldest; the greatest) Adjective: pequeño (small) Comparative: menor (younger; less) Superlative: el/la menor (the…
  • Hacer | Time Expressions
    How Do You Use Hacer?   Note: The verb “hacer” can be used in a number of ways to indicate the length of time an action has been taking place. The first way uses the formula: Hace + time + que + Present tense form of the verb e.g. Hace tiempo que no te veo – Long…
  • Me Gustan | Verbs like Gustar
    How many conjugations are there for verbs like Gustar? The verb “gustar” requires use of the indirect object pronouns. Note: The only forms of “gustar” you will use are “gusta” and “gustan” e.g. Me gusta la fresa. I like the strawberry Te gusta el programa. You like the program. Nos gusta el color azul. We like the color blue.…
  • Direct and Indirect Object
    How to Use the Spanish Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns Together? Here are the direct object pronouns and the indirect object pronouns    Direct Object Pronouns/ Indirect Object Pronouns/ English Equivalent me/ me/ me te/ te/ you (familiar) lo, la/ le/ him, her, it, you (formal) nos/ nos/ us os/ os/ you-all (informal) los, las/ les/ them, you-all (formal)   Note: When you have both a direct object pronoun…
  • Spanish Indirect Object Pronouns
    What are the Spanish Indirect Object Pronouns? Indirectobject pronouns 1 The indirect object tells us where the direct object is going. The indirect object answers the question “to whom?” or “for whom” the action of the verb is performed.  When a pronoun takes the place of the name of the indirect object, use the following…
  • Direct Object Pronouns Spanish
    What are the direct object pronouns in Spanish?   Direct object pronouns in Spanish 1 The object that directly receives the action of the verb is called the direct object. The direct object can also be a person. The direct object answers the question “what?” or “whom?” with regard to what the subject of the…
  • Pronoun | Object of Preposition
    What are Spanish prepositional pronouns? A pronoun is a word that is used instead of the name of a person or thing. When the pronoun acts as the object of a preposition, a different set of pronouns is used. Subject – Obj. Prep. Pronouns Yo (I) – mí Tú (You)(Informal) – ti Él/Ella(He/She) – él ,ella Usted (You)(Formal) – usted Nosotros(as)(We) – nosotros/as Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal)…

Grammar 3

  • Imperfect Subjunctive
    What is the Imperfect Subjunctive? > The Imperfect tense of the subjunctive mood is used to express the same subjectivity as the Present subjunctive, but in the past. To indicate an action in the past in the same situations where the subjunctive would be required in the Present: e.g. Era importante que Paola me trabajara…
  • Indirect Commands
    What is an indirect command in Latin? Note: When the command is given through a third party, indirect commands are used. The form is “que + Present subjunctive” e.g. Que venga Rosa. – Let Rose come. Que vengan a las once – Have them come at eleven o’clock.   Note: Indirect commands are also used to convey…
  • Nosotros Commands in Spanish
    How do you form nosotros commands in Spanish? Note: “Nosotros” commands are used when the speaker isincluded, and are used to express the idea “let’s + verb”. To form these commands, use the “nosotros” form of the Present subjunctive. Escribamos la carta – Let’s write the letter. Pintemos las paredes. – Let’s paint the walls. Note: To form the…
  • Vosotros Commands
    How do you use Vosotros commands? Note: The affirmative “vosotros” command is formed by simply replacing the final “r” of the infinitive with “d” Comprad (vosotros) el libro. – (You-all) Buy the book Escribid (vosotros) la carta. – (You-all) Write the letter. Comprad (vosotros) los libros.- (You-all) Buy the books.   Note: As with the negative “tú” commands,…
  • Using Object Pronouns | Commands
    How Do You Use Object Pronouns with Commands in Spanish? With all affirmative commands, the object pronouns are attached directly to the end of the imperative form of the verb. e.g. Hable usted del caso – Talk about the case Háblelo usted – Talk about the case   Coma usted el emparedado – Eat the sandwich Cómalo usted…
  • Irregular Tú Commands
    “Which of the Following Tú Commands is Irregular? The following eight verbs have irregular informal commands in the affirmative: decir – di (to say) / salir – sal(to get out) hacer – haz(to do) / ser – sé (to be) ir – ve(to go) / tener – ten(to have) poner – pon(to put) / venir – ven (to come) Note:  The irregularities only occur with affirmative…
  • Informal commands “tú”
    What is the informal tú command? Note: The affirmative informal “tú” commands are formed the same way as the Present indicative “Usted” form: (hablar + a = habla) (comer  + e = come) (escribir + e = escribe) Note: Be sure to note that the “tú” commands use the usted form, not the “tú” form. e.g. Habla (tú) con mi…
  • Formal Command in Spanish
    How do you give a command in Spanish? Commands are used when ordering or telling someone to do something. This is often referred to as the “imperative” form of the verb. Haga Ud. el desayuno.- Make (You)  breakfast. Escriba  Ud. la carta. – Write (You)  the letter. Salgan Uds. primero. – (You-all) Come out first Vayan Uds. después.…
  • Relative Adjective | Spanish
    What are Relative Adjectives in Spanish? Note: We include the relative adjectives “cuyo, cuya, cuyos, cuyas” in this discussion because it relates the owner to that which is owned, as does the English “whose”.  e.g La gata, cuyo dueño es mi hermano, es muy peligrosa – The cat, whose owner is my brother, is very dangerous El niño, cuyos…
  • Relative Pronoun
    What are Relative Pronouns in Spanish? Note: The relative pronouns: (el que,la que, los que, las que,lo que)are used to refer to both people and things. Note that there are four forms to accommodate singular and plural, masculine and feminine. e.g. Mi amigo, el que es profesor de la universidad. – My friend, who is a…
  • Relative Pronouns in Spanish
    Qué, Quién: Relative Pronouns in Spanish Que: relative pronouns One way to view relative pronouns is to recognize that they combine two sentences that share a common noun. In the following examples, the common nouns are “butter” or “mantequilla”; “homework” or “tarea” e.g. ¿Dónde está la mantequilla? – Where is the butter? Compraste mantequilla. – You bought…
  • When Do You Use Subjunctive in Spanish
    Let’s learn how and when to use the subjunctive in Spanish. When do you use subjunctive in the Spanish language? | Subjunctive 1 The subjunctive is not a tense; rather, it is a mood. Tense refers to when an action takes place (Past, Present, Future), while mood merely reflects how the speaker feels about the action.  Note: The…
  • Formation of Adverbs in Spanish
    How do you make an adverb form in Spanish? Adverbs are words that describe, or modify, verbs, adjectives or other adverbs. Note: Most Spanish adverbs are formed by adding “-mente” to the feminine singular form of the adjective. This ending corresponds to -ly in English. English– Adjective– Fem. Form– Adverb clear, clearly– claro– clara– claramente constant, constantly– constante– constante– constantemente hard, hardly– difícil– difícil– difícilmente   Note: When an adjective has…