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Conjugate the Spanish Verb Tenses

Main Spanish Verb Tenses and Tips

Spanish verb tenses
Spanish verb tenses

PRESENT TENSE

  • Simple Present in Spanish
    How is the Simple Present used in Spanish? ar, er, ir The Spanish Simple Present Tense can be used to talk about habitual actions, routines, things happening now or in the near future. Below you’ll find instructions for forming regular verbs in the Present Tense, including the endings you need to know for -ar, -er,…
  • What are Irregular Yo Forms? | Simple Present
    What are irregular yo forms? Note: Verbs that end in “- guir”, “- ger”, or “- gir” undergo a spelling change in their Present Tense “yo” forms. For verbs that end in – guir, the yo form ends in go. For verbs that end in – ger or – gir, the g in the yo form changes to a j. e.g. Infinitive – “yo” form extinguir (to extinguish) – extingo dirigir (to direct) – dirijo escoger (to choose) – escojo…
  • Ser, Estar, Ir, Haber | Irregular Verbs
    Ser, Estar, Ir, Haber | Irregular Verbs – Simple Present There are a number of verbs that have irregular forms other than the “yo” form. Four of the most frequently used verbs in Spanish (ser, estar, ir, and haber) are irregular.   The Present Indicative conjugations for each are given below. Irregular Conjugations Ser – …
  • Tener, Venir | Irregular Verbs
    Tener, Venir | Irregular Verbs | Simple Present “Tener” and “venir” are both irregular verbs. Because they are irregular, you must memorize their conjugations.                   tener  (to have)  Personal Pronouns Present Tense Yo (I) tengo Tú (You)(Informal) tienes Usted (You)(Formal) tiene Él/Ella(He/She) tiene Nosotros(as)(We) tenemos     Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) tenéis Ustedes(You)(Formal) tienen…
  • Present Progressive Tense
    How do you write a Present Progressive sentence in Spanish? ar, er, ir The Spanish Present Progressive Tense is used to talk about something that is happening now. The Present Progressive is generally formed using the verb “estar”,  plus a Present Participle Present Progressive Formula: Estar + Present Participle   Verbs ending in -ar Subject  -ar Endings Yo (I) estoy +…ando Tú (You)(Informal) estás + …ando Usted (You)(Formal) está +…
  • Present Progressive Tense | Estar
    Present Progressive | Estar Review Note: The Present Progressive is formed with the Present Tense of the verb “estar” (to be). Only the “estar” part of the Present Progressive changes to match the subject. e.g. The Present Participle (hablando) does not change.   Yo *estoy hablando. – I am speaking. Tú *estás hablando. –You are speaking. Él/Ella *está hablando. –He/She is speaking. Usted *está hablando.- You are…
  • Present Progressive vs Simple
    What is the difference between Present Progressive and Present Simple? The Present Progressive is used to talk about what a subject is doing right now. However, it is also possible to use the Simple Present to talk about what a subject is doing right now in Spanish.  Present Simple ¿Qué haces? – What are you doing?  Limpio…
  • Present Perfect | Spanish Translation
    How do you form the perfect tense in Spanish? ar, er, ir The Present Perfect is used to talk about things that started in the past and which continue or repeat in the present. It’s also used to talk about things that have happened in the recent past. Formula: Present Indicative of “Haber” + Past Participle of…
  • Present Perfect | Haber
    Present Perfect | The Use of Haber and Pronoun Placement Note: “Haber”, the auxiliary verb used with the Present Perfect, and the Past Participle are never separated in a Present Perfect construction. If an object pronoun (such as los) is used with the Present Perfect, it goes immediately before “haber”. e.g. ¿Los has visto?-  Have you seen them? Se las he dado.-  I…
  • Is Present Perfect Simple?
    What is the difference between Present Simple and Present Perfect? The Present Perfect may be used to talk about an action still in progress, but it’s also common to use the  Present Tense to do this. e.g. He vivido aquí por muchos años. – I have lived here many years. Hace tres años que vivo aquí.-  I have lived here for three years.…
  • Present Perfect Progressive Tense
    Present Perfect Progressive in Spanish ar, er, ir The Present Perfect Progressive is used to speak of an action that began in the past and continues in the present. Present Perfect Formula: “Have” /”Has” + “Been” + The Present Participle of the Verb (-ing ending)    Verbs ending in -ar Subject – ar Endings Yo (I) –  he estado+ …ando Tú (You)(Informal) – has estado + …ando Usted (You)(Formal) – ha…

PAST TENSE

  • Simple Past in Spanish
    How do you do Simple Past tense in Spanish? ar, er, ir The Spanish Preterite Tense is used to describe actions completed at a point in the past. Tip: The Spanish Preterite is not used to describe habitual or continuous actions in the past with no specific beginning or end. In such cases, the Imperfect…
  • Accent | Past Tense
    Does Preterite have an accent? Note:  The first person singular (yo), third person Singular (él, ella), and second person formal singular (usted) preterite forms have tildes (written accents) on the final vowel. Keep in mind that one little tilde can change both the tense and subject of a sentence. e.g. With a tilde Mandó una carta. – He/She sent a letter.…
  • Nosotros | Present and Past
    What are the Present and Past tense of nosotros? Note: The first person plural (nosotros) endings for regular “-ar” and “-ir” verbs are the same for both the Preterite and Present Tenses. Context clues, such as adverbs like siempre (always) and ayer (yesterday), can help you figure out if a “nosotros” form refers to the past or the present. e.g. Siempre cocinamos paella los Domingos.…
  • Simple Past | Irregular Forms
    Simple Past | Irregular Spanish Forms Four of the most common verbs with irregular Preterite forms are: ser, ir, dar, and ver. Irregular Preterite Verb Conjugations Subject – Ser (to be) – Ir (to go) Yo (I) – fui – fui Tú (You)(Informal) – fuiste – fuiste Usted (You)(Formal) – fue – fue Él/Ella(He/She)  – fue – fue Nosotros(as)(We) – fuimos – fuimos Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) – fuisteis  – fuisteis   Ustedes(You)(Formal) – fueron – fueron…
  • Simple Past | Tips
    Simple Past|Tips Note: “-ar” and “-er” verbs that change their stem in the Present tense do not change in the Preterite. They are conjugated just like other regular Preterite verbs.   e.g.  entender (to understand) Subject-Present–Preterite yo–entiendo–entendí tú–entiendes–entendiste usted/él/ella–entiende–entendió nosotros(as)–entendemos–entendimos vosotros(as)–entendéis–entendisteis ustedes/ellos(as)–entienden–entendieron   Note: “- ir” verbs that change their stem in the Present tense do change in the Preterite,…
  • Hace [Ago] | Simple Past in Spanish
    Simple Past Tense in Spanish | Hace = Ago   Note: When the verb is in the Preterite Tense, a different meaning is conveyed: “hace” + time + “que” + Preterite tense form of the verb e.g. Hace un año que trabajé ahí. – I worked there one year ago. There is another way to convey the same idea: Preterite tense form of the verb + “hace” + time e.g.…
  • Simple Past | Participle
    Simple Past| Participle in Spanish Note: To form the Past participle, simply drop the infinitive ending (-ar, -er, -ir) and add “-ado” (for -ar verbs) or “-ido” (for -er, -ir verbs). habl ar – ar + ado = hablado com er – er + ido = comido viv ir – ir + ido = vivido   Note: The following common verbs have irregular Past participles: abrir (to open) – abierto (open) cubrir (to cover) – cubierto (covered) decir (to…
  • Preterite Progressive Review
    Preterite Progressive Review Words and phrases that indicate the Progressive Past: Spanish – English entonces – then ayer  – yesterday anoche – last night la semana pasada – last week el mes pasado – last month hace unos días – a few days ago
  • Imperfect | Irregular Verbs
    What are the 3 irregular verbs in the Imperfect? There are only three verbs with irregular conjugations in the Imperfect: “ir, ser, and ver“.  Irregular Imperfect Conjugations Subject – Ir (to go) – Ser (to be) – Ver (to see) Yo (I) – iba – era – veía Tú (You)(Informal) –  ibas – eras – veías Usted (You)(Formal) – iba – era – veía Él/Ella(He/She) – iba – era –…
  • Imperfect Progressive | Tense
    What is the Imperfect Progressive in Spanish?    ar, er, ir The Imperfect Progressive expresses an action that was in progress in the past when it was interrupted by another event. The Imperfect Progressive formula: Imperfect Indicative of the verb “estar” + the Present Participle of the verb​. “To Be” Imperfect Indicative + Present Participle (ending “-ing”)   Verbs that End in -ar Subject-ar Endings…
  • Imperfect | Tense
    How do you use the Imperfect tense in Spanish? ar, er, ir The Spanish Imperfect Tense is used to describe past habitual actions or to talk about what someone was doing when they were interrupted by something else. Regular Imperfect Forms There are only two sets of endings for regular Imperfect verbs in Spanish, one…
  • What is Past Perfect Progressive tense?
    How do you use Past Perfect Progressive? ar, er, ir The Past Perfect Progressive is used to talk about an action that began in the past, continued for a while and then ended in the past.   Past Perfect Progressive formula: “had” + “Been “ + Present Participle (ending -ing)   Verbs that End in -ar Subject-ar Endings Yo (I)-había estado +…ando Tú (You)(Informal)-habías estado…
  • Preterite Progressive | Conjugation
    Preterite Progressive in Spanish | Conjugation    ar, er, ir The Past Progressive is used to speak of an action that was occurring at some point in the past. The Past Progressive formula: “To Be” Verb in the Past Tense + Present Participle (ending “- ing”)   Verbs that End in -ar Subject-ar Endings Yo (I)-estuve +…ando Tú (You)(Informal)-estuviste + …ando Usted (You)(Formal)-estuvo+ …ando Él/Ella(He/She)-estuvo…
  • What is the Past Perfect tense?
    What is the Perfect Past? ar, er, ir The Past Perfect (Pluscuamperfecto) is used to talk about a past action that happened prior to another action in the past. The Past Perfect is often used to talk about what a person had done before something else happened in the past. Past Perfect Spanish Formula: “haber” in the Imperfect + Past Participle  …

FUTURE TENSE

  • Simple Future Tense | Conjugation
    Simple Future |Viajar, Conocer, Escribir Subject – viajar (to travel) Yo (I) -viajaré Tú (You)(Informal) -viajarás Usted (You)(Formal) -viajará Él/Ella(He/She) -viajará Nosotros(as)​(We) -viajaremos   Vosotros(as)​(You)(Informal) -viajaréis   Ustedes(You)(Formal) -viajarán Ellos(as)​(They) -viajarán   Subject – conocer (to meet) Yo (I) -conoceré Tú (You)(Informal) -conocerás Usted (You)(Formal) -conocerá Él/Ella(He/She) -conocerá Nosotros(as)​We) -conoceremos   Vosotros(as)​(You)(Informal) -conoceréis Ustedes(You)(Formal) -conocerán Ellos(as)​(They) -conocerán   Subject – escribir (to write)…
  • Future | Irregular Verbs
    How many irregular verbs are there in the Future tense? Note: The Future Tense is used to tell what “will” happen, or what “shall” happen. There are twelve common verbs that are…
  • Informal Future in Spanish
    What is Informal Future? ar, er, ir – Form The Informal Future also called the Periphrastic Future (El Futuro Perifrástico), is formed with the verb “ir” (to go). Unlike the Simple Future, which…
  • Future Perfect Progressive in Spanish
    What is Future Perfect Progressive tense? ar, er, ir Future Perfect Progressive is used to speak of an action that begins in the past, the present or the future and that…
  • Future Progressive in Spanish
    What is Future Progressive tense? ar, er, ir Progressive tenses use a form of “to be” along with the Present Participle of the verb or action stated. The participle form in…
  • Future Perfect in Spanish
    What is Future Perfect tense? ar, er, ir The Spanish Future Perfect indicative is used to talk about something that will have been completed at a certain point in the Future.…
  • Will in Spanish | Simple Future
    Will in Spanish | What is the Simple Future in Spanish? How to apply will in Spanish? ar, er, ir There are two ways to form the Future Tense in Spanish:…

CONDITIONAL TENSE

  • Simple Conditional
    What is Simple Conditional tense? | Grammar Lessons   ar, er, ir The Conditional Tense in Spanish is used to talk about hypothetical situations and probabilities and to make polite requests. The Spanish Conditional Tense is formed much like the Spanish Simple Future Tense. Both regular and irregular verbs use the same set of endings,…
  • Conditional – Imperfect | Learn Spanish
    What is the difference between Imperfect and Conditional? The endings for the Conditional Tense are the same as those for the “-er” and “-ir” forms of the Imperfect Tense. However, Conditional endings are attached to the infinitive, while Imperfect endings are attached to the stem. e.g. •          Conditional: Escribiría unas cartas. (I would write some letters.) •          Imperfect: Escribía unas cartas. (I wrote…
  • Simple Conditional | Conjugation
    Simple Conditional | Viajar, Conocer, and Escribir Conjugation    Subject –Viajar (To Travel) Yo (I) – viajaría Tú (You)(Informal) –viajarías Usted (You)(Formal) –viajaría Él/Ella(He/She) – viajaría Nosotros(as)(We) – viajaríamos Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) –viajaríais Ustedes(You)(Formal) –viajarían Ellos(as)(They) –viajarían   Subject –Conocer(To Know) Yo (I) –conocería Tú (You)(Informal) –conocerías Usted (You)(Formal) –conocería Él/Ella(He/She) –conocería Nosotros(as)(We) –conoceríamos Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) –conoceríais Ustedes(You)(Formal) –conocerían Ellos(as)(They) –conocerían     Subject –Escribir (To Write) Yo (I) –escribiría Tú (You)(Informal) –escribirías Usted (You)(Formal) –escribiría Él/Ella(He/She) –escribiría Nosotros(as)(We) –escribiríamos Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) –escribiríais Ustedes(You)(Formal) –escribirían Ellos(as)(They) –escribirían  
  • Irregular Forms | Simple Conditional
    Irregular Forms | Simple Conditional The Conditional has relatively few irregular verbs. They fall into three categories: Verbs where the last vowel in the infinitive is replaced with a – d Verbs where the last vowel in the infinitive is removed Verbs that are just plain irregular   Verbs Where the last vowel in the Infinitive Is replaced…
  • Last Vowel Removed | Conditional
    Conditional Simple | Verbs Where the Last Vowel in the Infinitive is Removed Note: Only “-er” verbs fall into this category. To form the stem of these verbs, remove the vowel “e” from the infinitive ending. Then, add the conditional endings. Poder Subject – Poder (to be able to) Yo (I) –pod ría Tú (You)(Informal) –pod rías Usted (You)(Formal) –pod ría Él /Ella(He/She) –pod ría Nosotros(as)(We) –pod ríamos Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) –pod ríais…
  • Decir, Hacer | Simple Conditional
    Decir, Hacer – Simple Conditional The verbs decir (to say) and hacer (to do/make) have slightly more drastic stem changes that don’t fit into either of the above patterns.                       Decir, Hacer Subject –Decir (to tell) –Hacer (to make/to do) Yo (I) –diría –haría Tú (You)(Informal) –dirías –harías Usted (You)(Formal) –diría –haría Él/Ella(He/She) –diría –haría Nosotros(as)(We) –diríamos –haríamos Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) –diríais –haríais Ustedes(You)(Formal) –dirían –harían Ellos(as)(They) –dirían –harían   e.g. Haría el pastel si tuviera…
  • Conditional Perfect in Spanish
    What is Conditional Perfect tense? ar, er, ir The Conditional Perfect describes an action in the past that would have happened but did not due to some other event. It can also be used to express the probability of an action that has already been completed. The Conditional Perfect is a combination of the Past…
  • Conditional Progressive in Spanish
    What is Conditional Progressive tense? ar, er, ir This tense describes a process that would be on-going … if… !!! The “Conditional Progressive” mood is formed using the formula below: Conditional Conjugation (Estar) + Present Participle                                             Estar(To Be) Subject -Spanish –English Yo (I) -estaría –I…
  • Conditional Perfect Progressive in Spanish
    What is Conditional Perfect Progressive tense? ar, er, ir The Perfect Continuous Conditional can be referred to the unfulfilled result of the action in the if-clause and expresses this result as an unfinished or continuous action. The Perfect Continuous Conditional Tense of any verb is composed of four elements: Would  + Have  + Been + Present Participle The Present Participle is…