Nosotros Commands in Spanish

Nosotros Commands in Spanish

Grammar 3, Spanish Categories
How do you form nosotros commands in Spanish? Learn how to use nosotros commands in Spanish. Note: "Nosotros" commands are used when the speaker isincluded, and are used to express the idea “let’s + verb”. To form these commands, use the "nosotros" form of the Present subjunctive. Escribamos la carta - Let’s write the letter. Pintemos las paredes. - Let’s paint the walls. Note: To form the negative command, place the word "no" before the same verb form (Present subjunctive). No escribamos la carta - Let’s not write the letter. No pintemos las paredes. - Let’s not paint the walls. Note: The only exception is the verb "ir(se)", which uses the Present indicative for the affirmative command only. Affirmative: Vamos ahora. - Let’s go now. Negative: No vayamos ahora. - Let’s not go now. Note: As with other commands, a…
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Vosotros Commands in Spanish

Vosotros Commands in Spanish

Grammar 3, Spanish Categories
How do you use Vosotros commands in Spanish? Learn how to use vosotros commands in Spanish. Note: The affirmative "vosotros" command is formed by simply replacing the final “r” of the infinitive with “d” Comprad (vosotros) el libro. - (You-all) Buy the book Escribid (vosotros) la carta. - (You-all) Write the letter. Comprad (vosotros) los libros.- (You-all) Buy the books.   Note: As with the negative “tú” commands, the negative "vosotros" commands use the corresponding Present subjunctive forms. No compréis (vosotros) el libro. - (You-all) Don’t buy the book. No escribáis (vosotros) la carta. - (You-all) Don’t write the letter No compréis (vosotros) los libros. - (You-all) Don’t buy the books. Note: With affirmative commands using a reflexive verb, the final “d” of the verb form is dropped before adding the pronoun “os” Senta - d…
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Irregular Commands: Tú

Irregular Commands: Tú

Grammar 3, Spanish Categories
Which of the Following Tú Commands is Irregular? Learn how to use the irregular commands: tú in Spanish. The following eight verbs have irregular informal commands in the affirmative: decir – di (to say) salir – sal(to get out) hacer – haz(to do) ser – sé (to be) ir – ve(to go) tener – ten(to have) poner – pon(to put) venir – ven (to come) Note:  The irregularities only occur with affirmative "tú" commands. As with all other verbs, to form negative informal commands with these verbs, use the “tú” form of the Present subjunctive. e.g. Di la verdad. (Tell the truth) No digas mentiras. (Don’t tell lies) Haz tu limpieza. (Make your cleaning) No hagas la limpieza. (Do not do the cleaning) Read more about the Spanish grammar
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Informal Commands: Tú

Informal Commands: Tú

Grammar 3, Spanish Categories
What is the informal tú command? Learn how to use the informal commmands: tú in Spanish. Start learning basic Spanish words and phrases with online lessons. Note: The affirmative informal "tú" commands are formed the same way as the Present indicative "Usted" form: (hablar + a = habla)(comer  + e = come)(escribir + e = escribe) Note: Be sure to note that the “tú” commands use the usted form, not the "tú" form. e.g. Habla (tú) con mi papá. - (You) Speak with my dad. Come (tú) la cena. - (You) Eat the dinner. Escribe (tú) el libro. - (You) Write the book. The negative informal commands use the "tú" form of the Present subjunctive. e.g. No hables (tú) con mi papá. - Do not talk with my dad. No comas (tú) la cena. - Do not eat the dinner.…
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Formal Commands in Spanish

Formal Commands in Spanish

Grammar 3, Spanish Categories
How do you give formal commands in Spanish? Formal commands in Spanish are used when ordering or telling someone to do something. This is often referred to as the “imperative” form of the verb. Haga Ud. el desayuno.- Make (You)  breakfast. Escriba  Ud. la carta. - Write (You)  the letter. Salgan Uds. primero. - (You-all) Come out first Vayan Uds. después. - Go (You-all) later. Note: Spanish has both a formal and an informal style of speech (tú / usted). This distinction applies to commands. Informal, speech is used among friends, coworkers, relatives, or when addressing a child. Formal speech is generally used to be polite or to express respect. Haga usted el desayuno. - Make (You)  breakfast. (formal) Tú harás el desayuno. - (You) will make breakfast. (informal)   Note: The formal commands are formed…
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Relative Adjectives in Spanish

Relative Adjectives in Spanish

Grammar 3, Spanish Categories
What are Relative Adjectives in Spanish? Note: We include the relative adjectives in Spanish  "cuyo, cuya, cuyos, cuyas" in this discussion because it relates the owner to that which is owned, as does the English “whose”.  e.g La gata, cuyo dueño es mi hermano, es muy peligrosa - The cat, whose owner is my brother, is very dangerous El niño, cuyos padres están aquí, es muy inteligente. - The child, whose parents are here, is very intelligent. Carlos, cuya tía es rubia, tiene el cabello negro - Carlos, whose aunt is blonde, has black hair Paola, cuyas primas son cubanas, es muy hábil - Paola, whose cousins are Cuban, is very skilled Note: The adjective agrees in number and gender with the thing being owned, not with the owner: La gata, cuyo dueño es mi hermano, es muy peligrosa. El niño, cuyos padres…
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el que, la que, los que, las que, lo que

el que, la que, los que, las que, lo que

Grammar 3, Spanish Categories
What are Relative Pronouns in Spanish?: el que, la que, los que, las que, lo que Note: The relative pronouns: (el que, la que, los que, las que, lo que) in Spanish are used to refer to both people and things. Note that there are four forms to accommodate singular and plural, masculine and feminine. e.g. Mi amigo, el que es profesor de la universidad. - My friend, who is a professor at the university. Tus zapatos, los que te compró tu mamá. - Your shoes, the ones your mom bought you. La cama, la que vimos en la mueblería. - The bed, the one we saw in the furniture store Las enfermeras, las que estaban de guardia en el hospital. - The nurses, the ones who were on duty at the hospital. Another…
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Relative Pronouns in Spanish

Relative Pronouns in Spanish

Grammar 3, Spanish Categories
Learn how and when to use the relative pronouns in Spanish. Qué, Quién: Relative Pronouns in Spanish Que: relative pronouns One way to view relative pronouns is to recognize that they combine two sentences that share a common noun. In the following examples, the common nouns are “butter” or “mantequilla”; "homework" or "tarea" e.g. ¿Dónde está la mantequilla? - Where is the butter? Compraste mantequilla. - You bought butter. ¿Dónde está la mantequilla que compraste? - Where is the butter that you bought?   ¿Dónde está la tarea? - Where is the homework? Hiciste la tarea  - You did the homework ¿Dónde está la tarea que hiciste? - Where is the homework you did? Note: Another way to view relative pronouns is to recognize that they are used to introduce a clause that modifies a noun. e.g. Terminé el…
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Indirect Commands in Spanish

Indirect Commands in Spanish

Grammar 3, Spanish Categories
What is an indirect command in Spanish? Learn how to use the indirect commands in Spanish. Note: When the command is given through a third party, indirect commands in Spanish are used. The form is “que + Present subjunctive” e.g. Que venga Rosa. - Let Rose come. Que vengan a las once - Have them come at eleven o’clock. Que hable lo que tiene que hablar- Let him speak what he has to speak   Note: Indirect commands are also used to convey a hope or a wish. Que le ganes la pelea - (I want) you (to) win the fight. Que tenga un feliz cumpleaños - May you have a happy birthday Que logres tu objetivo - (I want) you (to) achieve your goal   - The following examples include pronouns and negative…
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Imperfect Subjunctive in Spanish

Imperfect Subjunctive in Spanish

Grammar 3, Spanish Categories
What is the Imperfect Subjunctive in Spanish? The Imperfect tense of the subjunctive mood is used to express the same subjectivity as the Present subjunctive, but in the past. Imperfect Subjunctive in Spanish 1 To indicate an action in the past in the same situations where the subjunctive would be required in the Present: e.g. Era importante que Paola me trabajara en el centro. (Imperfect subjunctive) - It was important that Paola would work for me in the center Es importante que Paola me trabaje en el centro. (Present subjunctive)  - It is important that Paola works for me at the center. - After the expression "ojalá" or "ojalá que" : e.g. Ojalá que lloviera mañana. (Imperfect subjunctive) I hope that it would rain tomorrow. Ojalá que llueva mañana. (Present subjunctive) I…
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