Present Perfect Progressive Tense

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Present Perfect Progressive in Spanish

How to conjugate the Present Perfect Progressive tense in Spanish?. It’s time to learn the Present Perfect Progressive tense in Spanish. Study the Spanish conjugation with online lessons. Learn the basic grammar rules.

Present Progressive in Spanish x
Present Progressive in Spanish

ar, er, ir

The Present Perfect Progressive is used to speak of an action that began in the past and
continues in the present.


Present Perfect Formula:

“Have” /”Has” + “Been” + The Present Participle of the Verb (-ing ending) 

 

Verbs ending in -ar

Subject – ar Endings

Yo (I) –  he estado+ …ando

 (You)(Informal)  has estado + …ando

Usted (You)(Formal) ha estado + …ando

Él/Ella(He/She)  ha estado + …ando

Nosotros(as)(We) hemos estado + …ando

Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal)  habéis estado + …ando

Ustedes(You)(Formal)  han estado + …ando

Ellos(as)(They)  han estado + …ando

 

Subject – hablar – English translation

Yo (I) – He estado hablando  I have been speaking

 (You)(Informal)  Has estado hablando You have been speaking

Usted (You)(Formal) – Ha estado hablando You have been speaking

Él/Ella(He/She)  Ha estado hablando   He/She has been speaking

Nosotros(as)(We) – Hemos estado hablando – We have been speaking

Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal)  Habéis estado hablando  You have been speaking

Ustedes(You)(Formal)  Han estado hablando  You have been speaking

Ellos(as)(They)  Han estado hablando – They have been speaking

 

Verbs ending in -er

Subject – er Endings

Yo (I)  he estado+ …iendo

 (You)(Informal)  has estado + … iendo

Usted (You)(Formal) ha estado + … iendo

Él/Ella(He/She)  ha estado + … iendo

Nosotros(as)(We)  hemos estado + … iendo

Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal)  habéis estado + … iendo

Ustedes(You)(Formal)  han estado + … iendo

Ellos(as)(They) – Han estado + … iendo

 

Subject  comer  English translation

Yo (I)  He estado comiendo  I have been eating

 (You)(Informal)  Has estado comiendo You have been eating

Usted (You)(Formal)  Ha estado comiendo You have been eating

Él/Ella(He/She)  Ha estado comiendo – He/She has been eating

Nosotros(as)(We)  Hemos estado comiendo  We have been eating

Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) – Habéis estado comiendo You have been eating

Ustedes(You)(Formal) – Han estado comiendo You have been eating

Ellos(as)(They)  Han estado comiendo They have been eating

 

Verbs ending in -ir

Subject  ir Endings

Yo (I) – he estado+ … iendo

 (You)(Informal) has estado + … iendo

Usted (You)(Formal) ha estado + … iendo

Él/Ella(He/She)  ha estado + … iendo

Nosotros(as)(We) – hemos estado + … iendo

Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) – habéis estado + … iendo

Ustedes(You)(Formal)  han estado + … iendo

Ellos(as)(They) han estado + … iendo

 

Subject – vivir  English translation

Yo (I) – He estado viviendo – I have been living

 (You)(Informal) – Has estado viviendo You have been living

Usted (You)(Formal) – Ha estado viviendo You have been living

Él/Ella(He/She)  Ha estado viviendo – He/She has been living

Nosotros(as)(We) – Hemos estado viviendo – We have been living

Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) – Habéis estado viviendo You have been living

Ustedes(You)(Formal)  Han estado viviendo You have been living

Ellos(as)(They)  Han estado viviendo They have been living

  

Present Perfect Progressive – Examples

Ha estado estornudando desde que llegó – She has been sneezing since she got here.

Sam ha estado trabajando como profesor desde que se graduó – Sam has been working as a teacher since he graduated.

Le duele la panza porque ha estado comiendo demasiado. – He has a stomach ache because he has been eating too much. 

Han estado charteando desde hace dos horas –They have been chatting for the last two hours.

He estado trabajando para ti durante los últimos tres meses. – I have been working for you for the last three months. 

¿Qué has estado haciendo desde que me fui? – What have you been doing since I left?  

Ha estado trabajando ahí desde Julio. – He has been working there since July. 

¡He estado esperándote durante una hora y media!   – I have been waiting for you for an hour and a half!

 Read more about the Spanish conjugations

Present Simple Vs Present Perfect in Spanish

Present Simple Vs Present Perfect in Spanish

What is the difference between Present Simple vs Present Perfect in Spanish?

It’s time to learn the difference between Present Simple vs Present Perfect in Spanish. Study the Spanish conjugation with online lessons. Learn the basic grammar rules.

The Present Perfect may be used to talk about an action still in progress, but it’s also common to use the  Present Tense to do this.


e.g.

He vivido aquí por muchos años. – I have lived here many years.

Hace tres años que vivo aquí.-  I have lived here for three years.

 


Note: The Present Perfect may be used to talk about something that was just done.


e.g.

He comprado la leche y los panes. – I’ve bought the milk and the rolls.

Acabo de comprar la leche y los panes. – I just bought the milk and the rolls.

Compré la leche y los panes. – I bought the milk and the rolls

 Read more about the Spanish conjugations

 

Haber in the Present Perfect in Spanish

Haber in the Present Perfect

Present Perfect in Spanish | The Use of Haber and Pronoun Placement

It’s time to learn how to use haber in the Present Perfect in Spanish. Study the Spanish conjugation with online lessons. Learn the basic grammar rules.

Note: “Haber”, the auxiliary verb used with the Present Perfect, and the Past Participle are never separated in a Present Perfect construction. If an object pronoun (such as los) is used with the Present Perfect, it goes immediately before “haber”.

Examples:
¿Los has visto?-  Have you seen them?
¿Lo has probado? – Have you tried it?
¿Les has preguntado? – Have you asked them?
¿Las has organizado? – Have you organized them?
Se las he dado.-  I have given them to her.
Te las has cogido – You have taken them
Nos las hemos tomado – We have taken them
¿Las has brindado? – Has she given them?
¿Lo has enumerado? – Have you listed it?

 

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Present Perfect in Spanish Translation

Present Perfect in Spanish Translation

How do you form the Present Perfect tense in Spanish translation?

What is the Present Perfect in Spanish translation?. It’s time to learn the Present Perfect in Spanish translation. Study the Spanish conjugation with online lessons. Learn the basic grammar rules.


ar, er, ir
The Present Perfect is used to talk about things that started in the past and which continue or repeat in the present. It’s also used to talk about things that have happened in the recent past.


Formula:
Present Indicative of “Haber” + Past Participle of another Verb

Verbs ending in -ar


Subject – ar Endings
Yo (I)  he + …ado
 (You)(Informal)  has + …ado
Usted (You)(Formal)  ha + …ado
Él/Ella(He/She)  ha+ …ado
Nosotros(as)(We)  hemos+ …ado
Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal)  habéis+ …ado
Ustedes(You)(Formal) – han+ …ado
Ellos(as)(They) han+ …ado


Subject  hablar  English translation


Yo (I) – He hablado – I have spoken
 (You)(Informal) – Has hablado You have spoken
Usted (You)(Formal) – Ha hablado You have spoken
Él/Ella(He/She)  Ha hablado  He/She has spoken
Nosotros(as)(We) – Hemos hablado  We have spoken
Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal)  Habéis hablado You have spoken
Ustedes(You)(Formal) – Han habladoYou have spoken
Ellos(as)(They)  Han hablado They have spoken

 Verbs ending in -er


Subject – er Endings
Yo (I) he + …ido
 (You)(Informal)  has + …ido
Usted (You)(Formal) – ha + …ido
Él/Ella(He/She)  ha+ …ido
Nosotros(as)(We)  hemos+ …ido
Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal)  habéis+ …ido
Ustedes(You)(Formal)  han+ …ido
Ellos(as)(They)  han+ …ido


Subject  comer  English translation


Yo (I) – He comido  I have eaten
 (You)(Informal)  Has comido – You have eaten
Usted (You)(Formal)  Ha comido  You have eaten
Él/Ella(He/She) – Ha comido  He/She has eaten
Nosotros(as)(We)  Hemos comido  We have eaten
Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal)  Habéis comido You have eaten
Ustedes(You)(Formal)  Han comido You have eaten
Ellos(as)(They)  Han comido They have eaten

 Verbs ending in -ir


Subject -ir Endings
Yo (I) he + …ido
 (You)(Informal) – has + …ido
Usted (You)(Formal)  ha + …ido
Él/Ella(He/She)  ha+ …ido
Nosotros(as)(We)  hemos+ …ido
Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal)  habéis+ …ido
Ustedes(You)(Formal) han+ …ido
Ellos(as)(They)  han+ …ido

Subject  vivir  English translation


Yo (I) – He vivido  I have lived
 (You)(Informal)  Has vivido You have lived
Usted (You)(Formal)  Ha vivido You have lived
Él/Ella(He/She)  Ha vivido  He/She has lived
Nosotros(as)(We) – Hemos vivido  We have lived
Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) – Habéis vivido – You have lived
Ustedes(You)(Formal)  Han vivido You have lived
Ellos(as)(They)  Han ​vivido They have lived

Examples


Habéis cantado muy bien.- You have sung very well.
Ellos han bailado en 12 países. –They have danced in 12 countries.
He visto las montañas de tu país. –  I have seen the mountains of your country
Ustedes han hecho un pastel delicioso.-  You have made a delicious cake.
Hemos vuelto para comprar la leche. – We have returned to buy milk.
Ellas han oído la verdad. –They have heard the truth.
Ella ha dicho que es una princesa.- She has said that she is a princess
Has ido a Cuba. – You have gone to Cuba.
Usted ha escrito un poema bonito.-  You have written a pretty poem.
Él ha dormido 10 horas. – He has slept 10 hours.

 Read more about the Spanish conjugations

Present Progressive vs Simple in Spanish

Present Progressive vs Simple in Spanish

What is the difference between Present Progressive vs Simple in Spanish?

It’s time to learn the difference between the Present Progressive vs Simple in Spanish. Study the Spanish conjugation with online lessons. Learn the basic grammar rules.

The Present Progressive is used to talk about what a subject is doing right now. However,
it is also possible to use the Simple Present to talk about what a subject is doing right now in Spanish.
 


Present Simple

¿Qué haces? – What are you doing?
 Limpio la cocina.-  I’m cleaning the kitchen. (I clean the kitchen)

 

Present Progressive


¿Qué estás haciendo?-  What are you doing?
 Estoy limpiando la cocina.-  I’m cleaning the kitchen.

 

 Read more about the Spanish conjugations

Estar in the Present Progressive Tense

Estar in the Present Progressive Tense

Estar Review in the Present Progressive

It’s time to learn how to use estar in the Present Progressive tense in Spanish. Study the Spanish conjugation with online lessons. Learn the basic grammar rules.

Note: The Present Progressive is formed with the Present Tense of the verb “estar” (to be).
Only the 
“estar” part of the Present Progressive changes to match the subject.


e.g.

The Present Participle (hablando) does not change.

 
Yo *estoy hablando. – I am speaking.

Tú *
estás hablando. –You are speaking.

Él/Ella *
está hablando. –He/She is speaking.

Usted *
está hablando.- You are speaking.

Nosotros *
estamos hablando.- We are speaking.

Vosotros *
estáis hablando. –You (all) are speaking.

Ustedes *
están hablando. –You (all) are speaking.

Ellos/Ellas *
están hablando.- They are speaking.

 Read more about the Spanish conjugations

Present Progressive Tense in Spanish

Present Progressive Tense in Spanish

How do you write a Present Progressive sentence in Spanish?

It’s time to learn how to conjugate the Present Progressive tense in Spanish. Study the Spanish conjugation with online lessons. Learn the basic grammar rules.


ar, er, ir

The Spanish Present Progressive Tense is used to talk about something that is happening
now.

The Present Progressive is generally formed using the verb estar”,  plus a Present Participle


Present Progressive Formula:

Estar Present Participle

 

Verbs ending in -ar

Subject  -ar Endings

Yo (I) estoy +…ando

 (You)(Informal) estás + …ando

Usted (You)(Formal) está + …ando

Él/Ella(He/She) está + …ando

Nosotros(as)(We) estamos+ …ando

Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) estáis + …ando

Ustedes(You)(Formal) están + …ando

Ellos(as)(They) están + …ando

 

Subject  – hablar English translation

Yo (I) – Estoy hablando I am speaking

 (You)(Informal) – Estás hablando You are speaking

Usted (You)(Formal) – Está hablando You are speaking

Él/Ella(He/She) – Está hablando He/She is speaking

Nosotros(as)(We) – Estamos hablando We are speaking

Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) – Estáis hablando You are speaking

Ustedes(You)(Formal) – Están hablando You are speaking

Ellos(as)(They) – Están hablando They are speaking

 

Verbs ending in -er

Subject  – er Endings

Yo (I) estoy +…iendo

 (You)(Informal) estás + … iendo

Usted (You)(Formal) está + … iendo

Él/Ella(He/She) está + … iendo

Nosotros(as)(We) estamos+… iendo

Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) estáis + … iendo

Ustedes(You)(Formal) están + … iendo

Ellos(as)(They) están + … iendo

 

Subject  comer English translation

Yo (I) – Estoy comiendo I am eating

 (You)(Informal) – Estás comiendo You are eating

Usted (You)(Formal) – Está comiendo You are eating

Él/Ella(He/She) – Está comiendo He/She is eating

Nosotros(as)(We) – Estamos comiendo We are eating

Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) – Estáis comiendo You are eating

Ustedes(You)(Formal) – Están comiendo  You are eating

Ellos(as)(They) – Están comiendo They are eating


Subjec
t – ir EndingsVerbs ending in
 -ir

Yo (I) estoy +…iendo

 (You)(Informal) estás + … iendo

Usted (You)(Formal) está + … iendo

Él/Ella(He/She) está + … iendo

Nosotros(as)(We) estamos+… iendo

Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) estáis + … iendo

Ustedes(You)(Formal) están + … iendo

Ellos(as)(They) están + … iendo

Subject   vivir English translation

Yo (I) – Estoy viviendo I am living

 (You)(Informal) – Estás viviendo You are living

Usted (You)(Formal) – Está viviendo You are living

Él/Ella(He/She) – Está viviendo He/She is living

Nosotros(as)(We) – Estamos viviendo We are living

Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) – Estáis viviendo You are living

Ustedes(You)(Formal) – Están viviendo –You are living

Ellos(as)(They) – Están viviendo They are living

Present Progressive – Examples

Estoy hablando con mi madre. –  I am speaking to my mother.
Los niños estánc omiendo en el patio. – The children are eating in the yard.
El abuelo está durmiendo en la sala.-  Grandpa is sleeping in the living room.
Marco está escribiendo un ensayo para su clase de Español.-  Marco is writing an essay for his Spanish class.
Estamos cocinando la cena.-  We are cooking dinner.

More examples:

Ella está leyendoShe is reading         (to read – leer)

Él no está hablandoHe is not speaking          (to speak – hablar or conversar)

Mi tío está escribiendo –  My uncle is writing             (to write – escribir)

¿Está él hablando?  – Is he speaking?      (to speak – hablar  or conversar)

Su perro está comiendo –   Her dog is eating     (to eat – comer)

¿Por qué están durmiendo los niños? – Why are the kids sleeping?        (to sleep – dormir)

Bella está tocando la guitarra y Andrewla está   escuchando. – Bella is playing the guitar and Andrew is listening to her. (to play – jugar or tocar),  (to listen – escuchar or  oír),  (to touch – tocar)

 Read more about the Spanish conjugations


Irregular Verbs Tener and Venir in the Simple Present

Irregular Verbs Tener and Venir

Irregular Verbs Tener and Venir | Simple Present

It’s time to learn how to use the irregular verbs: tener and venir in Spanish. Study the Spanish conjugation with online lessons. Learn the basic grammar rules.

Because they are irregular, you must memorize their conjugations.

 

              tener  (to have)

 Personal Pronouns Present Tense

Yo (I) tengo

Tú (You)(Informal) tienes

Usted (You)(Formal) tiene

Él/Ella(He/She) tiene

Nosotros(as)(We) tenemos    

Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) tenéis

Ustedes(You)(Formal) tienen

Ellos(as)(They) tienen

 

                venir  (to come)

Personal Pronouns Present Tense

Yo (I) vengo

Tú (You)(Informal) vienes

Usted (You)(Formal) viene

Él/Ella(He/She) viene

Nosotros(as)(We) venimos    

Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) venís

Ustedes(You)(Formal) vienen

Ellos(as)(They) vienen

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Ser, Estar, Ir and Haber Irregular Verbs

Irregular Verbs Ser, Estar, Ir and Haber

Ser, Estar, Ir, Haber | Irregular Verbs – Simple Present

It’s time to learn how to use the irregular verbs ser, estar, ir and haber in the Simple Present. Study the Spanish conjugation with online lessons. Learn the basic grammar rules.

There are a number of verbs that have irregular forms other than the “yo” form.

Four of the most frequently used verbs in Spanish (ser, estar, ir, and haber) are irregular.

The Present Indicative conjugations for each are given below.

Irregular Conjugations

Ser –  Estar

Subject – ser  (to be) – estar  (to be)

Yo (I) – soy estoy

Tú (You)(Informal) – eresestás

Usted (You)(Formal) – es está

Él/Ella(He/She) – esestá

Nosotros(as)(We) – somosestamos

Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) – sois estáis

Ustedes(You)(Formal) – sonestán

Ellos(as)(They) – sonestán

 

Ir Haber

 

Subject – ir  (to go) – haber  (to have)

Yo (I) – voyhe

Tú (You)(Informal) – vashas

Usted (You)(Formal) – va ha

Él/Ella(He/She) – vaha

Nosotros(as)(We) – vamos   – hemos

Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) – vaishabéis 

Ustedes(You)(Formal) – van han

Ellos(as)(They) – van han

 Sentences with the verb haber in Spanish

Debe haber algo que podamos hacer.There must be something we can do.
Al momento de haber visto al oso, debiste dispararle.The moment you saw the bear, you should have shot it.
Haber ido a la excursión fue una mala idea.Going on the excursion was a bad idea.
No me gusta haber tenido que despedirte.I don’t like having to fire you.
Ha de haber algo de comer en el frío.There must be something to eat in the cold.
Debe haber ido a buscar el pan.He must have gone to get the bread.
Puede haber entendido mal.You may have misunderstood.
Haber tenido a mi bebé es lo mejor que me ha ocurrido.Having my baby is the best thing that has ever happened to me.
¿Haber es un infinitivo?Is having an infinitive?
¿Qué diferencia hay entre haber y a ver?What is the difference between have and see?
Debe haber habido alguna confusión.There must have been some confusion.
Haber venido fue un error.Coming here was a mistake.
De haber algo que pudiera hacer, no dudes en decirlo.If there’s anything I could do, don’t hesitate to say so.
No dudes pedirme en caso de haber algo que quieras.Do not hesitate to ask me if there is something you want.
De haber sabido que hacía tanto frío no venía.Had I known it was so cold I wouldn’t have come.
Haber dejado de comer fue un error.Stopping eating was a mistake.
Debería haber imaginado que acabaríamos mal.I should have known that we would end badly.
El empresario tenía varias propiedades en su haber.The businessman had several properties to his credit.
Las cuentas se dividen en debe y haber.The accounts are divided into debit and credit.
En el haber se representan el patrimonio y las obligaciones.In credit, assets and obligations are represented.
En la mesa navideña suelen haber muchos dulces.On the Christmas table there are usually many sweets.
Debe haber habido un choque.There must have been a crash.
Debo haber anotado mal la dirección.I must have got the address wrong.
No debería haber pobreza en este mundo.There should be no poverty in this world.
De haber podido me habría marchado.If I could have, I would have left.
Debe haber salido a hacer la compra.He must have gone out to do the shopping.
Debiste haber visto su expresión.You should have seen his expression.
En una casa debe haber más de un plato.In a house there should be more than one plate.
No debe haber más de 3 personas en el ascensor.There should be no more than 3 people in the elevator.
De haber crecido la tasa de contagio lo sabríamos.If the contagion rate had grown, we would know.

 

Tip. Dropping Subject Pronouns

Because the endings of Spanish verbs indicate who the subject of an action is, you can often drop the subject pronoun (yo, tú, nosotros, etc.) 

 

e.g.

Yo hablo Español = I speak Spanish           ” Hablo Español ”                       

The pronoun “yo” isn’t really necessary. The “-o “ ending tells you who the subject of the verb is.

 Read more about the Spanish conjugations

What are Irregular Yo Forms? | Simple Present

Irregular Yo Forms

What are irregular yo forms?

It’s time to learn how to use irregular yo forms in Spanish. Study the Spanish conjugation with online lessons. Learn the basic grammar rules.

Note: Verbs that end in “- guir”“- ger”, or “- gir” undergo a spelling change in their Present Tense “yo” forms.

  1. For verbs that end in – guir, the yo form ends in go.
  2. For verbs that end in – ger or – gir, the g in the yo form changes to a j.

e.g.

Infinitive – “yo” form

extinguir (to extinguish) – extingo

dirigir (to direct) – dirijo

escoger (to choose) – escojo

exigir (to demand) – exijo

recoger (to pick up) – recojo

 

 

List of verbs with “yo” forms

Infinitive “yo” form

caber (to fit) quepo

caer (to fall) caigo

conocer (to know) conozco

dar (to give) doy

hacer (to do/make) hago

poner (to put) pongo

saber (to know) 

salir (to leave/to go out) salgo

traducir (to translate) traduzco

traer (to bring) traigo

valer (to be worth) valgo

ver (to see) veo

 

 

Note: Most verbs that end in “cer” or “ucir” have irregular Present Tense “yo” forms

Infinitive- “yo” form English

Conducer -conduzco to drive

Producer -produzco to produce

Hacer -hago to do

Amanecer -amanezco to dawn

 

Prefixes Count

Note: Verbs made of up the above forms plus a prefix are also irregular in the “yo” form.

Infinitive – “yo” form English

Componer -compongo to compose

Deshacer -deshago to undo

Disponer -dispongo to make available

Distraer – distraigo to distract

Proponer- propongo to propose

Rehacer -rehago to redo

Reponer – repongo to put back

Suponer – supongo to suppose

 Read more about the Spanish conjugations