What Does Caldo Mean in Spanish

What Does Caldo Mean in Spanish

Meaning of Caldo

Caldo is a Spanish word that translates to “broth” or “stock” in English. It refers to a savory liquid made by simmering meats, vegetables, and seasonings in water. Caldo is commonly used as a base for soups, stews, and sauces in Spanish and Latin American cuisine.

Types of Caldo

1. Caldo de Pollo

Caldo de pollo is a popular chicken broth in Spanish cuisine. It is made by simmering chicken pieces with vegetables like onions, carrots, and celery. The broth is flavored with herbs and spices such as bay leaves, thyme, and garlic. Caldo de pollo is often enjoyed as a comforting soup on its own or used as a base for other dishes.

2. Caldo de Res

Caldo de res, also known as beef soup, is another common type of caldo. It is prepared by simmering beef bones, meat, and various vegetables like potatoes, corn, and cabbage. The long cooking process extracts the rich flavors from the ingredients, resulting in a hearty and flavorful broth.

3. Caldo de Pescado

Caldo de pescado refers to fish broth or fish stock. It is made by simmering fish bones, heads, and tails along with aromatic vegetables like onions, carrots, and leeks. The broth is strained to remove any impurities, leaving behind a delicate and flavorful liquid. Caldo de pescado forms the base for seafood soups and stews.

Uses of Caldo

Caldo serves as the foundation for many traditional Spanish and Latin American dishes. It adds depth of flavor and richness to soups, stews, and sauces. Here are some popular dishes that incorporate caldo:

1. Sopa de Fideos

Sopa de fideos, or noodle soup, is a simple yet satisfying dish made with caldo as its base. Thin noodles are cooked in the broth along with vegetables and sometimes chicken or beef. This comforting soup is often enjoyed during cold weather or as a light lunch option.

2. Caldo Gallego

Caldo gallego is a traditional soup from the Galicia region of Spain. It features caldo de pescado or caldo de res as its base, combined with white beans, leafy greens like kale or collard greens, potatoes, and chorizo. This hearty soup is packed with flavors and textures.

3. Arroz Caldoso

Arroz caldoso, meaning “brothy rice,” is a flavorful rice dish cooked in caldo. It typically includes ingredients such as seafood, chicken, or vegetables, along with rice cooked in the broth. The result is a deliciously moist and aromatic rice dish with a savory broth.


In Spanish, caldo means broth or stock. It is a fundamental component of many Spanish and Latin American dishes, providing a flavorful base for soups, stews, and sauces. The types of caldo, such as caldo de pollo, caldo de res, and caldo de pescado, offer a variety of flavors and are used in different regional cuisines. Whether enjoyed on its own or used as an ingredient, caldo adds depth and richness to traditional Spanish dishes.
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