Primo Spanish

How to Say “Cousin” in Spanish


Family relationships are an important part of our lives, and being able to communicate about them in different languages is valuable. If you’re learning Spanish and want to know how to say “cousin” in the language, you’ve come to the right place. In this article, we will explore various translations of the word “cousin” in Spanish and provide additional insights into this familial relationship.

1. Primo/Prima

The most common and straightforward translation for “cousin” in Spanish is “primo” for males and “prima” for females. These terms are widely used and recognized by Spanish speakers to refer to a cousin, regardless of the specific type of cousin (e.g., first cousin, second cousin, etc.). “Primo/prima” can be used both formally and informally, and they are suitable for all ages.

2. Hermano/Hermana Segundo(a)

In some Spanish-speaking countries, especially in Latin America, the term “hermano segundo” or “hermana segunda” is used to refer to a first cousin. These terms directly translate to “second brother” or “second sister.” While less common than “primo/prima,” they are still used in certain regions and contexts to describe this familial relationship.

3. Primo/Prima Hermano(a)

To be more specific about the type of cousin, you can use the term “primo hermano” for male cousins and “prima hermana” for female cousins. This phrase can be translated as “first cousin” in English. It indicates a closer degree of kinship and is commonly used to differentiate between first cousins and more distant relatives.

Additional Family-Related Terms

In addition to “cousin,” here are some related terms that you may find useful when discussing family members in Spanish:

Tío/Tía: These terms mean “uncle” and “aunt” respectively.

Abuelo/Abuela: These words translate to “grandfather” and “grandmother.”

Sobrino/Sobrina: These terms refer to “nephew” and “niece.”

Padre/Madre: These words mean “father” and “mother” respectively.


When it comes to translating “cousin” in Spanish, the most common terms are “primo” for males and “prima” for females. These words are widely used and recognized by Spanish speakers to refer to cousins. If you want to specify the type of cousin, you can use “hermano segundo(a)” for a first cousin or “primo hermano(a)” to indicate a first cousin in a more precise manner. Understanding these terms will allow you to navigate family relationships in Spanish more effectively. Remember to consider the context and the level of formality when using these terms, as cultural norms may vary. ¡Disfruta de pasar tiempo con tus primos! (Enjoy spending time with your cousins!)

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