¿Cómo se dice present perfect subjunctive en español? English to Spanish translation of “presente perfecto del subjuntivo“ (present perfect subjunctive).
Present Perfect Subjunctive
The present perfect subjunctive is a compound verb tense used to express actions that have taken place in the past and are completed by the present moment. It is formed with the present subjunctive of the auxiliary verb “haber” and the past participle of the main verb.
The formula for the present perfect subjunctive is as follows:
Haber (present subjunctive) + past participle
The present subjunctive forms of haber are:
- que yo haya
- que tú hayas
- que él/ella/usted haya
- que nosotros/nosotras hayamos
- que vosotros/vosotras hayáis
- que ellos/ellas/ustedes hayan
For the past participle, you need to use the -ado ending for -ar verbs and the -ido ending for -er and -ir verbs. For example, “hablar” becomes “hablado” and “escribir” becomes “escrito.”
Here are some examples of the present perfect subjunctive in use:
- Espero que hayas hablado con ella. (I hope you have talked to her.)
- Ojalá que hayan terminado la tarea. (I hope they have finished the homework.)
- Me alegra que hayamos conseguido los boletos. (I’m glad we have gotten the tickets.)
Note that the present perfect subjunctive is often used in combination with certain conjunctions such as “esperar que” (to hope that), “ojalá que” (hopefully), and “me alegra que” (I’m glad that). It is also commonly used in complex sentences with different clauses, so it’s important to pay attention to the sentence structure and the context when using the present perfect subjunctive.
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