cardinal numbers in Spanish translation
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Cardinal Numbers in Spanish

What are cardinal numbers in Spanish?

Learn to name ‘the cardinal numbers in Spanish’. Study basic topics, memorize some important words and phrases in Spanish. Read more about the Spanish language with online lessons.

Cardinal Numbers in Spanish, numbers in Spanish

First, let’s review the cardinal numbers 1-30:

1. uno
2. dos
3. tres
4. cuatro
5. cinco
6. seis
7. siete
8. ocho
9. nueve
10. diez
11. once
12. doce
13. trece
14. catorce
15. quince
16. dieciséis
17. diecisiete
18. dieciocho
19. diecinueve
20. veinte
21. veintiuno
22. veintidós
23. veintitrés
24. veinticuatro
25. veinticinco
26. veintiséis
27. veintisiete
28. veintiocho
29. veintinueve
30. treinta


Now let’s count by 10s all the way to 100:

10. diez
20. veinte
30. treinta
40. cuarenta
50. cincuenta
60. sesenta
70. setenta
80. ochenta
90. noventa
100. cien


Now, see this:

31. treinta y uno
32. treinta y dos
33. treinta y tres
34. treinta y cuatro
35. treinta y cinco
36. treinta y seis
37. treinta y siete
38. treinta y ocho
39. treinta y nueve
40. cuarenta
41. cuarenta y uno
42. cuarenta y dos
etc.


This pattern continues all the way to 100:

53. cincuenta y tres
54. cincuenta y cuatro
65. sesenta y cinco
66. sesenta y seis
78. setenta y ocho
88. ochenta y ocho
99. noventa y nueve

etc.


From 101-199, use “ciento”:

ciento uno
ciento dos
ciento tres
ciento sesenta y uno
ciento sesenta y dos
etc.


Notice that “y” is used only in numbers 31-99 (and 131-199, 231-299, 331-399, etc.) and it is not used to separate hundreds from tens.


Correct:
176 – ciento setenta seis

Incorrect:
176 – ciento y setenta y seis


To get to 1000:

100. cien
200. doscientos
300. trescientos
400. cuatrocientos
500. quinientos
600. seiscientos
700. setecientos
800. ochocientos
900. novecientos
1000. mil


Here are some more examples:

176. ciento setenta y seis
840. ochocientos cuarenta
305. trescientos cinco
612. seiscientos doce
281. doscientos ochenta y uno


Note: Remember from an earlier lesson, there is a masculine and a feminine form for the number one:

un libro – one book

una pluma – one pen

 

This is also true for the numbers 200, 300, 400, etc.

quinientos libros – 500 books
ochocientas  plumas – 800 pens

novecientos chicos – 900 boys
trescientas chicas – 300 girls


Note: When there is exactly 100 of something, and the number is used with the noun, use the shortened form “cien”

cien dólares – 100 dollars
cien carros – 100 cars
cien palabras – 100 words
cien amigos – 100 friends


Note: Finally, in Spanish a period is used to indicate thousands, and a comma is used as a decimal point.

English
1,984.67

Spanish
1.984,67

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