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Spanish Verb Gustar

What does the Spanish verb Gustar mean in Spanish?

Let’s talk about the Spanish verb gustar. ¡Hola mis amigos! (Hello my friends), ¿Cómo están? (How are you).  Today we are going to study verb GUSTAR (to like). GUSTAR is what I call “a peculiar verb” because GUSTAR is usually used with the indirect object pronouns (me,te,le,nos,les) instead of subject pronouns (yo, tú, él, nosotros, ellos) . And besides this peculiarity there is one more; GUSTAR only has to forms: GUSTA y GUSTAN.

 

GUSTAR means to like, but in reality GUSTAR it is very similar to the English expression to be pleasing to, and this is the reason we use GUSTAR with indirect object pronouns in place of subject pronouns.

Spanish Verb Gustar

Let’s see what I mean:

Me gusta cantar. I like to sing (Singing is pleasing to me)

Te gusta leer. You like to read (Reading is pleasing to you)

Le gusta escribir. He likes to write (Writing is pleasing to him)

Nos gusta viajar. We like to travel. (Travel is pleasing to us)

Les gusta comer. They like to eat. (Eating is pleasing to them)

 

I know you’re starting to get this. It might seem complicated at first but it is actually quite simple. Just remember that when you want to say “I like”, you don’t say in Spanish Yo gusto (wrong!), you have to say Me gusta (right!). It is the same with the other subjects. If you want to say “You like”, you don’t say Tú gustas, You need to say Te gusta.

    Gustar Verb

See the chart below:

 English / Spanish (Wrong Way) / Spanish (Right Way)

I like / Yo gusto / Me gusta

You like /Tú gustas / Te gusta

He likes /El gusta  / Le gusta

She likes /Ella gusta  / Le gusta

We like / Nosotros gustamos /  Nos gusta

They like  /Ellos gustan  /  Les gusta

Indirect Object Pronouns – in this particular use – are those that specify to whom something is pleasing

me / to me

te /to you (informal)

le / to you (formal singular), to him, to her

nos / to us

les / to you (plural), to them

Using  GUSTAR with the indirect object pronouns only allows us two forms: GUSTA y GUSTAN

Me gusta el carro rojo (I like the red car / The red car is pleasing to me)

Me gustan los carros rojos (I like the red cars / The red cars are pleasing to me)

Nos gusta la lección de español (We like the Spanish lesson / The Spanish lesson is pleasing to us)

Nos gustan las lecciones de español (We like the Spanish lessons / The Spanish lessons are pleasing to us)

  Verbs in Spanish

Notice that GUSTAR has to agree with the object that we like or is pleasing to us. (Gustar does not have to agree with the person but with the object – remember that). So, GUSTA (singular) is for one object, ex: Me gusta el libro (I like the book). GUSTAN (plural) is for two or more objects, ex: Te gustan los libros (You like the books).

When we are referring to an action that we like, we use the singular form of GUSTAR (GUSTA) plus the verb in its infinitive form.

 

Let’s see some examples:

Me gusta estudiar (I like to study)

Te gusta jugar (You like to play)

Le gusta comer (He likes to eat)

Nos gusta correr (We like to run)

Les gusta caminar (They like to walk)

 

Let’s see some negative sentences:

No me gusta saltar (I don’t like to jump)

No te gusta bailar (You don’t like to dance)

No le gusta ir de compras (He doesn’t like to go shopping)

No nos gusta volar (We don’t like to fly)

No les gusta hablar (They don’t like to speak)

 

Spanish Idioms

Apúrate (Hurry up)

No me molestes (Don’t bother me)

Cállate (Shut Up!)

Todos están locos (Everybody is crazy)

Qué horror (How awful)

Ya verás (You will see)

Es mejor pájaro en mano que cien volando (A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush – Literally: It’s better a bird in the hand than 100 flying)

 

Read other topics about gustar in Spanish:

Me gustan | Verbs like Gustar

How do you conjugate gustar in Spanish?

Spanish expressions with ” gustaría “

Gustar | Quizlet

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