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Era, Fui, Estuve vs Estaba in Spanish

Era, Fui, Estuve vs Estaba in Spanish

Let’s find out what is the difference between era, fui, estuve vs estaba in Spanish. Study basic grammar rules with online lessons. Read about how and when to use some important words and phrases. When to use era, fui, estuve vs estaba in Spanish?.
Era, Fui, Estuve vs Estaba in Spanish

Fue vs Era vs Estaba vs Estuve

What is the difference between Era and Fui?

When to use ERA?

Note: Era in Spanish is used to describe how things were or how a person was; and is translated as “used to be”.

Yo era – I was *used to be*
Tú eras – You(informal) were *used to be*
Él /Ella era – He/She was *used to be*
Usted era – You(formal) were *used to be*
Nosotros(as) éramos – We were *used to be*
Ellos(as)/Ustedes eran – They/You(plural) were *used to be*

Examples:
Yo era su profesor – I was his/her teacher *used to be*
Usted era el jefe – You were the boss *used to be*

When to use FUI?

Note: Fui in Spanish is used to narrate an event that happened in the past and how it happened and is translated as “was” *not anymore*


Yo fui – I *was* 
*not anymore*
Tú fuiste – You(informal) *were* 
*not anymore*
Él /Ella fue – He/She *was* 
*not anymore*
Usted fue – You(formal) *were* 
*not anymore*
Nosotros(as) fuimos – We *were* 
*not anymore*
Ellos(as)/Ustedes fueron – They/You(plural) *were* 
*not anymore*

Examples:

Nosotros fuimos amigos – We were friends *not anymore*
Ellos fueron mis estudiantes – They were my students 
*not anymore*

Tip: Fui has two meanings: to be and to go. Check out how to conjugate fui as to go in Spanish and as to be in Spanish

What is the difference between Estuve and Estaba?

When to use ESTUVE?

Note: Estuve in Spanish is used when the action that happened “in the past and it finished”

Simple Past in Spanish

Yo estuve – I was *in the past and it finished*
Tú estuviste – You(informal) were *in the past and it finished*
Él /Ella estuvo – He/She was *in the past and it finished*
Usted estuvo – You(formal) were *in the past and it finished*
Nosotros(as) estuvimos – We were *in the past and it finished*
Vosotros(as) estuvisteis – You were *in the past and it finished*
Ellos(as)/Ustedes estuvieron – They/You(plural) were *in the past and it finished*

 
Examples:
Ella estuvo enferma – She was sick *in the past and it finished*
estuviste casado – You were married *in the past and it finished*

When to use ESTABA?

Note: Estaba in Spanish is when:

– the action that started in the past and hasn’t finished
– the finish date is uncertain
– actions that happened simultaneously in the past.
– the action that happened repeatedly in the past

Imperfect in Spanish

Yo estaba – I was
Tú estabas – You(informal) were
Él /Ella estaba – He/She was
Usted estaba -You(formal) were
Nosotros(as) estábamos – We were
Vosotros(as) estabais -You were
Ellos(as)/Ustedes estaban – They/You(plural) were

Examples:

Nosotras estábamos viajando – We were traveling
Ellas estaban juntas – They were together
Yo estaba cocinando – I was cooking 

Tip: finished action, “estuve”, unfinished or uncertain action, “estaba”.

 

Read more about the Spanish grammar

 

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