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Spanish Prepositional Pronouns

Pronouns as objects of prepositions in spanish

What are Spanish prepositional pronouns?

Learn how to use Spanish Prepositional Pronouns. A pronoun is a word that is used instead of the name of a person or thing.

When the pronoun acts as the object of a preposition, a different set of pronouns is used.


Subject – Obj. Prep. Pronouns

Yo (I) – mí

Tú (You)(Informal) – ti

Él/Ella(He/She) – él ,ella

Usted (You)(Formal) – usted

Nosotros(as)(We) – nosotros/as

Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) – vosotros/as

Ustedes(You)(Formal) – ustedes

Ellos(as)(They) – ellos/as


Note: Only “mí” and “ti” are different from the subject pronouns. Use this second set of pronouns to replace the noun that comes immediately after a preposition.

e.g.

La profesora habla de mí. – My teacher talks about me.

Tú hablas con ellos. – You talk to them.

Roberto trajo unas flores para ella. – Robert brought some flowers for her.

 

 

Note: Whenever “mí” follows the preposition “con”, the two words combine to form “conmigo”.


e.g.

Mi padre viene conmigo – My father comes with me

Mi gato está aquí conmigo – My cat is here with me

 

Note: Whenever “ti” follows the preposition “con”, the two words combine to form “contigo”.


e.g.

Mi padre va contigo – My father goes with you

Mi gato está allí contigo – My cat is there with you

 

Notes:

1- Whenever you want to say “with him, with her, with you (formal), with them, with you-all (formal)” there are two possibilities. If the pronoun is referring to the subject of the sentence, use “consigo”.

e.g.

Pronoun does refer to the subject

Ella llevó los libros consigo – She took the bookswith her(self).

¿Por qué no lleva un libro consigo? – Why don’t you take a book with your(self)(formal)?

 

2- If the pronoun does not refer to the subject of the sentence, use “con + the appropriate pronoun”.

e.g.

Pronoun does not refer to the subject

Ellas viven con él. – They live with him.

Yo quiero hacer ejercicios con usted – I want to do exercises with you(formal) 



There are six special prepositions that are followed by subject pronouns rather than object pronouns.

entre – between

excepto – except

incluso – including, even

menos – except

según – according to

salvo – except

 

e.g.

Esto queda entre tú y yo. – This is between me and you

Todos vamos a la fiesta, incluso yo. – We all go to the party, even me

Según tú, ellos ya lo saben. – According to you, they already know

Salvo los frijoles, ya todo está cocinado – Exceptfor the beans, everything is cooked

Compré todo, menos la lechuga – I bought everything, except the lettuce

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