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Present Perfect in Spanish Translation

Present Perfect in Spanish Translation

How do you form the Present Perfect tense in Spanish translation?

What is the Present Perfect in Spanish translation?. It’s time to learn the Present Perfect in Spanish translation. Study the Spanish conjugation with online lessons. Learn the basic grammar rules.

ar, er, ir
The Present Perfect is used to talk about things that started in the past and which continue or repeat in the present. It’s also used to talk about things that have happened in the recent past.


Formula:
Present Indicative of “Haber” + Past Participle of another Verb

Verbs ending in -ar


Subject – ar Endings
Yo (I)  he + …ado
 (You)(Informal)  has + …ado
Usted (You)(Formal)  ha + …ado
Él/Ella(He/She)  ha+ …ado
Nosotros(as)(We)  hemos+ …ado
Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal)  habéis+ …ado
Ustedes(You)(Formal) – han+ …ado
Ellos(as)(They) han+ …ado


Subject  hablar  English translation


Yo (I) – He hablado – I have spoken
 (You)(Informal) – Has hablado You have spoken
Usted (You)(Formal) – Ha hablado You have spoken
Él/Ella(He/She)  Ha hablado  He/She has spoken
Nosotros(as)(We) – Hemos hablado  We have spoken
Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal)  Habéis hablado You have spoken
Ustedes(You)(Formal) – Han habladoYou have spoken
Ellos(as)(They)  Han hablado They have spoken

 Verbs ending in -er


Subject – er Endings
Yo (I) he + …ido
 (You)(Informal)  has + …ido
Usted (You)(Formal) – ha + …ido
Él/Ella(He/She)  ha+ …ido
Nosotros(as)(We)  hemos+ …ido
Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal)  habéis+ …ido
Ustedes(You)(Formal)  han+ …ido
Ellos(as)(They)  han+ …ido


Subject  comer  English translation


Yo (I) – He comido  I have eaten
 (You)(Informal)  Has comido – You have eaten
Usted (You)(Formal)  Ha comido  You have eaten
Él/Ella(He/She) – Ha comido  He/She has eaten
Nosotros(as)(We)  Hemos comido  We have eaten
Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal)  Habéis comido You have eaten
Ustedes(You)(Formal)  Han comido You have eaten
Ellos(as)(They)  Han comido They have eaten

 Verbs ending in -ir


Subject -ir Endings
Yo (I) he + …ido
 (You)(Informal) – has + …ido
Usted (You)(Formal)  ha + …ido
Él/Ella(He/She)  ha+ …ido
Nosotros(as)(We)  hemos+ …ido
Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal)  habéis+ …ido
Ustedes(You)(Formal) han+ …ido
Ellos(as)(They)  han+ …ido

Subject  vivir  English translation


Yo (I) – He vivido  I have lived
 (You)(Informal)  Has vivido You have lived
Usted (You)(Formal)  Ha vivido You have lived
Él/Ella(He/She)  Ha vivido  He/She has lived
Nosotros(as)(We) – Hemos vivido  We have lived
Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) – Habéis vivido – You have lived
Ustedes(You)(Formal)  Han vivido You have lived
Ellos(as)(They)  Han ​vivido They have lived

Examples


Habéis cantado muy bien.- You have sung very well.
Ellos han bailado en 12 países. –They have danced in 12 countries.
He visto las montañas de tu país. –  I have seen the mountains of your country
Ustedes han hecho un pastel delicioso.-  You have made a delicious cake.
Hemos vuelto para comprar la leche. – We have returned to buy milk.
Ellas han oído la verdad. –They have heard the truth.
Ella ha dicho que es una princesa.- She has said that she is a princess
Has ido a Cuba. – You have gone to Cuba.
Usted ha escrito un poema bonito.-  You have written a pretty poem.
Él ha dormido 10 horas. – He has slept 10 hours.

 Read more about the Spanish conjugations

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