Ordinal Numbers in Spanish

How do you teach ordinal numbers in Spanish?

Learn to name ‘the ordinal numbers in Spanish’. Study basic topics, memorize some important words and phrases in Spanish. Read more about the Spanish language with online lessons.

numbers in Spanish, cardinal numbers in Spanish, ordinal numbers in Spanish, Ordinal Numbers in Spanish

Note: Here are the ordinal numbers from first to tenth:

primero – first
segundo–  second
tercero – third
cuarto–  fourth
quinto – fifth
sexto -sixth
séptimo  eventh
octavo -eighth
noveno ninth
décimo – tenth




Note: Like many other adjectives, the ordinal numbers have a masculine and a feminine form. They also have a singular and plural form.

 

Singular/Plural

Masculine/Femenine/Masculine/Femenine

primero/primera/primeros/primeras

segundo/segunda/segundos/segundas

tercero/tercera/terceros/terceras

cuarto/cuarta/cuartos/cuartas

quinto/quinta/quintos/quintas

sexto/sexta/sextos/sextas

séptimo/séptima/séptimos/séptimas

octavo/octava/octavos/octavas

noveno/novena/novenos/novenas

décimo/décima/décimos/décimas


Note: Primero and tercero drop the -o in the masculine singular adjective form.

e.g.

tu primer día (your first day)

su 
tercer año (his third year)



Note: Ordinal numbers usually precede the noun. However, if the noun they refer to is royalty, a pope, or a street, they come after the noun.

e.g.

Carlos Quinto
(
“Quinto” comes after “Carlos” – royalty)

la quinta edición
(
“quinta” comes before “edición”)

la Calle Séptima
(
“séptima” comes after “calle” – street)

la cuarta cuadra
(
“cuarta” comes before “cuadra”)



Tip: Ordinal numbers are not normally used after 10.

Note: If you are talking about the first day of the month, use the expression “el primer día” or simply “el primero”

e.g.

¿Qué día es hoy? – What day is today?

Hoy es Lunes, el primer día de Julio.– Today is Monday, July 1.

Hoy es Lunes, el primero de Julio.- Today is Monday, July 1.

 

Note: For all other days of the month, use the cardinal numbers.

e.g.

¿Cuál es la fecha de hoy?-  What is today’s date?

Hoy es Martes, veinticinco de Mayo. – Tuesday, May 25

 

Note: The Spanish way is to write the “day + month + year”. This is different from the American way “month + day + year”

Spanish: 16 de Julio de 1984
English:  July 16, 1984

Read more articles

Leave a Reply