Ser, Estar, Ir and Haber Irregular Verbs

Irregular Verbs Ser, Estar, Ir and Haber

Ser, Estar, Ir, Haber | Irregular Verbs – Simple Present

It’s time to learn how to use the irregular verbs ser, estar, ir and haber in the Simple Present. Study the Spanish conjugation with online lessons. Learn the basic grammar rules.

There are a number of verbs that have irregular forms other than the “yo” form.

Four of the most frequently used verbs in Spanish (ser, estar, ir, and haber) are irregular.

The Present Indicative conjugations for each are given below.

Irregular Conjugations

Ser –  Estar

Subject – ser  (to be) – estar  (to be)

Yo (I) – soy estoy

Tú (You)(Informal) – eresestás

Usted (You)(Formal) – es está

Él/Ella(He/She) – esestá

Nosotros(as)(We) – somosestamos

Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) – sois estáis

Ustedes(You)(Formal) – sonestán

Ellos(as)(They) – sonestán

 

Ir Haber

 

Subject – ir  (to go) – haber  (to have)

Yo (I) – voyhe

Tú (You)(Informal) – vashas

Usted (You)(Formal) – va ha

Él/Ella(He/She) – vaha

Nosotros(as)(We) – vamos   – hemos

Vosotros(as)(You)(Informal) – vaishabéis 

Ustedes(You)(Formal) – van han

Ellos(as)(They) – van han

 Sentences with the verb haber in Spanish

Debe haber algo que podamos hacer.There must be something we can do.
Al momento de haber visto al oso, debiste dispararle.The moment you saw the bear, you should have shot it.
Haber ido a la excursión fue una mala idea.Going on the excursion was a bad idea.
No me gusta haber tenido que despedirte.I don’t like having to fire you.
Ha de haber algo de comer en el frío.There must be something to eat in the cold.
Debe haber ido a buscar el pan.He must have gone to get the bread.
Puede haber entendido mal.You may have misunderstood.
Haber tenido a mi bebé es lo mejor que me ha ocurrido.Having my baby is the best thing that has ever happened to me.
¿Haber es un infinitivo?Is having an infinitive?
¿Qué diferencia hay entre haber y a ver?What is the difference between have and see?
Debe haber habido alguna confusión.There must have been some confusion.
Haber venido fue un error.Coming here was a mistake.
De haber algo que pudiera hacer, no dudes en decirlo.If there’s anything I could do, don’t hesitate to say so.
No dudes pedirme en caso de haber algo que quieras.Do not hesitate to ask me if there is something you want.
De haber sabido que hacía tanto frío no venía.Had I known it was so cold I wouldn’t have come.
Haber dejado de comer fue un error.Stopping eating was a mistake.
Debería haber imaginado que acabaríamos mal.I should have known that we would end badly.
El empresario tenía varias propiedades en su haber.The businessman had several properties to his credit.
Las cuentas se dividen en debe y haber.The accounts are divided into debit and credit.
En el haber se representan el patrimonio y las obligaciones.In credit, assets and obligations are represented.
En la mesa navideña suelen haber muchos dulces.On the Christmas table there are usually many sweets.
Debe haber habido un choque.There must have been a crash.
Debo haber anotado mal la dirección.I must have got the address wrong.
No debería haber pobreza en este mundo.There should be no poverty in this world.
De haber podido me habría marchado.If I could have, I would have left.
Debe haber salido a hacer la compra.He must have gone out to do the shopping.
Debiste haber visto su expresión.You should have seen his expression.
En una casa debe haber más de un plato.In a house there should be more than one plate.
No debe haber más de 3 personas en el ascensor.There should be no more than 3 people in the elevator.
De haber crecido la tasa de contagio lo sabríamos.If the contagion rate had grown, we would know.

 

Tip. Dropping Subject Pronouns

Because the endings of Spanish verbs indicate who the subject of an action is, you can often drop the subject pronoun (yo, tú, nosotros, etc.) 

 

e.g.

Yo hablo Español = I speak Spanish           ” Hablo Español ”                       

The pronoun “yo” isn’t really necessary. The “-o “ ending tells you who the subject of the verb is.

 Read more about the Spanish conjugations

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