How Do You Use Con in Spanish?
When to use Con in Spanish?. The Spanish word pronounced much like the English word “cone,” not like “con,” is one of the most commonly used prepositions. In most uses, it is the equivalent of the English word “with.”
The word is more versatile than the English “with,” however, and it may be used in places where “with” might not be used in English. For example, can be paired with certain verbs, can be used to form phrases that function like adverbs, indicate conditions and form contractions.
Spanish Sentence – English Translation…Verb Combination
–It is necessary to put an end to the scandal…(put an end to)
–In order to eat, five dollars is enough…(is enough)
–The car crashed into the train…crashed into)
–I cancount on my friends…(count on)
–I have to face up to the problem…(face up to)
–I am frightened of ants…to be frightened of)
–I often dream about the war…dream about)
–I want to run into my mother…to run into)
When used with the verbs above, could be understood to mean “with,” but it would be awkward to translate it literally that way.
In English, “with” can be used to form adverbial phrases, but such phrases using are far more common in Spanish. In some cases, such adverbial phrases are used in preference to or instead of synonymous adverbs. This list below is far from complete.
–He speaks intensely…(with intensity
–He asked me courteously…(with courtesy
–She lives happily…(with happiness
–She walks fast…(with speed
–She doesn’t react fearfully…(with fear
–We hugged affectionately…(with caring
–He began his homework optimistically…with a good face
–They dance confidently…(with confidence
–They spoke calmly…(with calm
–She speaks Spanish fluently…(with fluency
–He dresses humbly...(with humility
–She freely gives her opinion…con libertad(with freedom
–I love you madly…(with craziness
–We are waiting hopefully...(with hope
–He plays soccer enthusiastically…(with gusto
–The dog sleeps often…(with frequency
Sometimes when followed by an infinitive or a noun, can have a variety of translations to indicate a condition being met or not. Translations for in this case can include “if,” “despite,” and “by.”
Spanish Sentence – English Translation – Meaning of Condition
–By telling him that I don’t have money, everything will be fine…by telling him)
–Despite everything, she’s not sick…despite everything)
–If you run you can see her…if you run)
When is followed by the pronoun or to say “with me” or “with you,” the phrase is changed to or , respectively.
Spanish Sentence – English Translation – Contraction
–Come with me…(with me)
–I will come with you…(with you)
Although is the usual equivalent of the English preposition “with,” it is often used in situations were “with” is not.
is frequently paired with numerous verbs in unpredictable ways.
is also frequently used with prepositional objects to form phrases that function as adverbs in situations where English would more likely simply use an adverb.